The Fletcher Vane Family
After his death, there was a family dispute over his will, and eventually, the house passed to his nephew Henry Vane, son of his youngest sister Catherine and her husband Lyonel Vane of Long Newton.
The Vane family were allegedly knighted on the battlefield of Poitiers by the Black Prince in 1346 and became a leading gentry family in Kent before Sir Henry Vane the Elder (1569-1654) who rose to be a principal Secretary of State to King Charles I acquired a very considerable amount of land in County Durham including Raby Castle. His eldest son was the radical politician Sir Henry Vane Younger, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1636 and a leading parliamentarian during the Civil Wars and Commonwealth, subsequently executed in 1662. The Henry who inherited Hutton was his younger brother’s grandson.
Henry Vane, who used the surname Fletcher, was a great planter of trees, over 50,000, and created the Walled Garden, Middle Pond, and in 1745 the Cupid Room. He never married and was succeeded by his younger brother Walter, who had been a successful merchant in London and Rotterdam and then by Walter’s son Lyonel who was created a baronet in 1786 a few days before he died.
Sir Lyonel’s eldest son Frederick was a colourful and difficult character who was elected MP for Carlisle after a notoriously corrupt campaign and employed John Peel the celebrated Cumbrian huntsman.
Sir Frederick’s eldest son, Sir Francis, despite ill health, restored, extended and renovated the house with his wife, Diana Olivia Beauclerk, before his early death at Frankfurt on the Maine in Germany in 1840. Their young son Sir Henry inherited aged 12 and in 1870 he married Margaret Gladstone, a cousin of the former Liberal Prime Minister. She was interested in the Arts and Crafts movement and is responsible for much of the character of the House we see today. They had no children, he dying in 1909 and she in 1916.